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ABCD Pattern Trading With Quick & Simple Method

The ABCD pattern’s roots can be traced back to the world of geometry and Fibonacci ratios. In the 1930s, a legendary trader named H.M. Gartley introduced this pattern in his book “Profits in the Stock Market.”

Gartley’s work laid the foundation for what we now know as harmonic trading patterns, and the ABCD pattern was one of the first harmonic patterns he introduced.

Table of Contents

In this blog, I present an innovative approach to ABCD pattern trading, leveraging the benefits of the Fibonacci sequence to enhance the analysis.

This method introduces an additional layer of confluence, resulting in improved precision for determining optimal entry and exit points.

1. What is the ABCD Pattern?

The ABCD pattern, also known as the ABCD chart pattern, is a geometric price pattern that is used to predict potential market reversals. This pattern is based on the famous Fibonacci sequence and has proven to be an invaluable tool for traders.

Bullish & Bearish ABCD PATTERN
Bullish ABCD & Bearish ABCD Pattern

2. Guidelines For Better Identification & Trades

The ABCD pattern consists of four key points, aptly labelled A, B, C, and D. Each point represents a specific price level where a potential reversal may occur. Let’s break it down:

  • Point A (Starting Point): This is where a significant price move begins. It’s the initial point of the pattern and sets the stage for the rest of the formation.
Tip: “Notably, the length of leg AB doesn’t consistently match that of other legs. Through practical observation, it becomes evident that longer AB lengths often yield more reliable and preferable target levels.”

abcd pattern identify
  • Point B (First Pullback): After a strong price move from point A, the market retraces to point B. This retracement typically ranges from 61.8% to 78.6% of the initial price move.
Tip: “At this step, if price movements fail to respect Fibonacci levels and the market continues to extend its decline or ascent beyond the pivot levels, I typically opt to refrain from entering a trade.”
leg ab of abcd pattern
  • Point C (Second Leg): From point B, the market resumes its upward (Bearish ABCD) or downward (Bullish ABCD) movement, creating This forms the second leg – BC of the pattern.
leg bc of abcd pattern
  • Point D (Completion): The pattern ends at point D, which could indicate a reversal. Short-term traders should think about taking profits here.
Tip: “From my analysis of past trades, I’ve noticed that this pattern typically adheres to the measured move principles. Specifically, the range of CD tends to be at least equal to that of AB. As a result, it suggests that the initial leg AB can be a useful indicator for setting potential targets for this pattern.”

leg cd of abcd pattern

3. Types of ABCD Patterns

The ABCD pattern can be both bullish and bearish, depending on the direction of the price movement it predicts.

  • Bullish ABCD Pattern

A bullish ABCD pattern suggests a potential trend reversal from bearish to bullish. It indicates that after a significant downtrend, the price may reverse and start moving upwards.

Traders often consider going long or buying at the completion point (D) of a bullish ABCD pattern.

bullish abcd pattern
  • Bearish ABCD Pattern

Conversely, a bearish ABCD pattern indicates a potential trend reversal from bullish to bearish. It suggests that after a significant uptrend, the price may reverse and start moving downwards.

Traders often consider going short or selling at the completion point (D) of a bearish ABCD pattern.

bearish abcd pattern

4. Trading ABCD Pattern

The ABCD pattern is a versatile tool that can be applied in various financial markets, including stocks, forex, and commodities. Let’s explore its applications in the markets along with an extra confluence approach:

Step 1: Identifying the ABCD Pattern

  • Start by identifying a significant price move in the market. This move can be either an uptrend or a downtrend.
  • Label the points of the pattern: A, B, C, and D.
    • A: The starting point of the move.
    • B: The retracement of the move.
    • C: The point where the price resumes in the direction of the initial move.
    • D: The endpoint of the move, which should be at or near the same level as point A.
identifying and trading abcd pattern

Step 2: Confirming Confluence Factors

  • Before trading the ABCD pattern, look for additional confluence factors to increase the probability of success. These factors could include:
    • Support and resistance levels.
    • Fibonacci retracement or extension levels.
    • Trendlines and channels.
    • Oscillator or momentum indicator signals.
    • Candlestick patterns.
abcd pattern fibonacci confluence

Step 3: Entry Point

  • Once you have identified the ABCD pattern and confirmed confluence factors, determine your entry point.
  • An entry point for a long trade would typically be near point D or slightly above it.
  • An entry point for a short trade would typically be near point D or slightly below it.
  • Your entry should be based on a clear and valid trigger, such as a bullish or bearish candlestick pattern or a specific technical indicator signal.
moving averages and abcd chart pattern

Step 4: Stop Loss

  • Always set a stop-loss order to limit potential losses. The placement of your stop loss should be based on your risk tolerance and the structure of the pattern.
  • For a long trade, place your stop loss below point C.
  • For a short trade, place your stop loss above point C.
entry and exit

Step 5: Take Profit and Targets

  • Set your take profit levels based on your risk-reward ratio and the expected price movement.
  • The target for a long trade is typically at the height of point A to D.
  • The target for a short trade is also typically at the height of point A to D.
  • You may also consider trailing stops or multiple take profit levels to capture additional gains if the trend continues.
target for abcd pattern trading

Invalidation of the ABCD Pattern: When Things Don’t Go as Planned

Invalidation of the ABCD pattern occurs when the expected price movement doesn’t happen as anticipated.

It can be due to factors like extreme market volatility, incomplete pattern formation, or unexpected news events.

Traders must stay cautious and be flexible when a pattern doesn’t confirm, as it could lead to false signals.

Risk management, using stop-loss orders, becomes critical to limit potential losses.

Emotions, like fear and greed, can also lead to invalidation, so discipline is key.

failed abcd pattern


The ABCD pattern is a powerful tool in a trader’s arsenal. It combines the elegance of mathematics with the precision of technical analysis, offering traders a reliable method for identifying potential trend reversals. By using the ABCD pattern alongside other technical indicators and risk management techniques, you can increase your chances of success in the financial markets.


  1. What is the ABCD pattern?

    The ABCD pattern is a technical chart pattern characterized by three price swings, comprising two equal upward legs and one downward leg, representing retracement.

  2. How do you trade the ABCD pattern?

    To trade the ABCD pattern, one must identify its formation on a price chart, enter a position when the pattern completes, and establish appropriate stop-loss and take-profit levels.

  3. What distinguishes the ABCD pattern in stocks from forex?

    While the underlying assets differ, the principles and trading strategies for ABCD patterns are largely analogous in both stock and forex markets.

  4. When is ABCD pattern trading most useful?

    ABCD pattern trading is particularly valuable for pinpointing potential trend reversals within financial markets.

  5. Which timeframe is most suitable for ABCD patterns?

    Although the choice of timeframe can vary, ABCD patterns are often observed and utilized on higher timeframes, such as daily or weekly charts.

  6. Are bullish or bearish ABCD patterns more reliable?

    The reliability of bullish and bearish ABCD patterns is contingent on market conditions, with neither consistently exhibiting greater reliability.

  7. Who employs ABCD pattern trading more frequently, day traders or swing traders?

    ABCD patterns are utilized by both day traders and swing traders, though they tend to be more prevalent among swing traders due to their longer-term nature.

  8. Why should traders place their trust in ABCD pattern trading?

    Traders place their trust in ABCD pattern trading due to its structured approach for identifying potential price reversals, enabling more informed trading decisions.

  9. Can ABCD patterns be effective in the crypto markets?

    While ABCD patterns can be employed in crypto markets, their effectiveness may vary due to the distinctive characteristics of the cryptocurrency market, including high volatility and continuous trading.

  10. Does the ABCD pattern work for identifying continuation points in a trend?

    Yes, the ABCD pattern can be used to identify continuation points within an existing trend when the completed pattern aligns with the prevailing trend direction.

Disclaimer: Trading in financial markets involves risk, and it’s possible to lose more than your initial investment. This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute financial advice. Always conduct thorough research and consult with a qualified financial advisor before making trading decisions.


  • Yash Nagarkoti

    Yash brings extensive trading knowledge and expertise in technical analysis. Specializing in short-term to medium-term trading, his research spans the Forex market to global stock markets. Since 2016, Yash has been a member of the bulls arena trading Technical Analysis Research Team.

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